Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs when your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas, beta cells. These cells are responsible for producing insulin. Very few people get secondary diabetes. Which is similar to type 1, except that the beta cells have not been destroyed by the immune system but they are destroyed by something else, either a disease or some injury to pancreas.
This type is formally called insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. This type results when the pancreas lose its ability to produce insulin. It can appear at any age. Type one diabetes can not be prevented and there is no practical way to predict who will get it. Treatment for this type of diabetes is a life long commitment of taking insulin, eating healthy food, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight and monitoring blood glucose.
Role of Insulin:
Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose to enter body cells as fuel. This process stops in the absence of insulin. As a result glucose builds up in your blood while the cells starve.
One out come of this is dehydration. When there is too much sugar in the blood you urinate more. This is a natural way in which the body gets rid of excess sugar. A large quantity of water goes out with the urine. This causes dehydration.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): In type 1 diabetes, due to lack of insulin the body can not use glucose for energy. Then the body starts to break stored fat for energy and this process produces a chemical called ketone. As a result, these ketones build up in the blood. High level of ketone in the blood makes it more acidic and develops ketoacidosis.
Body Damage: If acute diabetes is not treated properly, high glucose level in blood can harm the nerves and small blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys and heart. This can also cause hardening of arteries or atherosclerosis leading to heart attack, stroke and blindness.
This diabetes is somewhat a rare occurrence. On the average about 5% of diabetics suffer from type one diabetes. It effects men and women both. Though it detected at an early age, as a most cases there is a hereditary factor but it can also happen at any age.
Controlling type 1: So far diabetes type 1 remains incurable. Healthy diet and timely injection of insulin keep diabetes under control.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms:
Symptoms of this type diabetes tends to develop very fast.
Excessive urination. Excess of glucose in blood starts to create havoc within the body. The excess sugar passes through urine. More urine coming out, means less water remaining in the body. Causing dehydration.
Automatic weight loss.
Blurring vision. Due to sugar build up in the lenses, water starts to build up as well. This causes change of shape of the lens and blurs the vision.
Feeling tired. As your body is starved of calories there is a total lack of energy.
About 10% people having type 1 diabetes are also detected as having Celia c disease which is a digestive disorder. Suffered of celiac disease experience stomach pain and digestive disorders when they consume food containing gluten. Gluten is a protein found in a wheat, barley and rai. Diabetic who also suffer from celiac disease should eat gluten free food.
Causes of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1:
Causes of diabetes mellitus appears to be mainly due to hereditary factor. If the parents or a close relative had this type diabetes then there will always be a possibility of the of string’s being affected by this diabetes. One should be vigilant and do the preliminary test to rule out the disease as an early detection and appropriate treatment keeps the disease under control and prolongs life.
Type 1 diabetes cure:
Medical researches have not conclusively found type 1 diabetes cure. However people who have recently diagnosed as having type 1 diabetes and people at a high risk, are advised to go through a gradual lifestyle change, to accommodate for :
1. Healthy eating, replacing refined carbohydrates with whole grain foods, high in dietary fiber, reducing fat intake.
2. Engaging in a daily routine of yoga-meditation along with other exercises, for optimum health and weight management.