Arthritis affects many parts of the body including hands, fingers, thumb, knee, hipbone etc. Symptoms of arthritis are found in joints including hands and fingers. Arthritis symptoms are pain, joint stiffness, tenderness, and redness (with warmth and swelling at the arthritic joints of hands and fingers).
In initial stages most kind of arthritis symptoms are not easily noticeable. This is precisely why it remains undetected for quite sometime.
Arthritis causes joint pain and bone stiffness which worsens progressively.
Clicking noise at joints and initial stages of bone deformity.
Sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis experience painful stiffness and swelling, visible in the fingers, elbow, wrist joints and leg joints. Sometimes the wrist, ankle and other joints feel excruciatingly painful.
Infectious arthritis revels itself with fever, chill, tenderness of limbs and sharp pain.
Children are also vulnerable to arthritis. If a child is suffering from frequent fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, anemia or rash on arms or legs, have him/her checked properly to eliminate the possibility of on set of rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthritis Not Only Limited To Joint Pain
Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease, meaning it can affect a number of organs and tissues or affects the body as a whole. Sometimes even the drugs used to treat it is also major cause of such problems.
Following is a listing of body part which Arthritis can affect you.
Nodules – People suffering Arthritis have 50% chance of developing rheumatoid nodules i.e lumps of tissue generate under the skin, often over bony areas exposed to pressure, such as fingers or elbows. Nodules sometimes disappear on their own or with treatment with disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic drugs so called (DMARDs).
Vasculitis – When Arthritis related inflammation of the blood vessels affects the skin, a rash of small red dots is the result. In more severe cases, vasculitis can cause skin ulcers on the legs or under the nails.
Thinning – If inflammation becomes chronic then Arthritis leads to loss of bone density, not only around the joints, but throughout the body which leads to thinning of bones and thus making them brittle in nature.
Scleritis – Some people with Arthritis develop inflammation of the Sclera (white part of eye) of the eyes that can lead to scarring. Arthritis symptoms include pain, redness, blurred vision and light sensitivity. Scleritis is usually treatable with medications prescribed by your doctor, but in rare cases, the eye may be permanently damaged. Arthritis can also cause uveitis i.e an inflammation of the area between the retina and the Scelera of the eye.
Dryness – The inflammatory process that affects the joints can also damage the tear-producing glands, a condition known as Sjogren’s syndrome The result is eyes that feel dry.
Dryness – Inflammation can damage the salivary- glands of the mouth as that of the eyes, resulting in a dry mouth. Over-the-counter artificial saliva products and self-treatment often helps. If not, your doctor may prescribe a medication to increase the production of saliva.
Inflammation and scarring – Majority, around 80% of people with Arthritis have some degree of lung involvement, which is usually not severe enough to cause arthritis symptoms.If severe, prolonged inflammation of the lung tissue continues this can lead to a form of pulmonary fibrosis that obstructs with breathing and can be difficult to treat. Again suppressing your immune system, DMARDs and biologics may increase your risk of tuberculosis (TB), which is a major bacterial infection of the lungs.
Heart and Blood Vessels
Atherosclerosis – Chronic inflammation can damage endothelial cells i.e the blood vessels are lined up with, This cause the vessels to absorb more cholesterol and form plaques which in turn increase Heart attack risk.
When plaques from damaged blood vessels break lose they can block a vessel, leading to heart attack or stroke.The risk of heart attack for people with Arthritis was 60% higher just one year after being diagnosed with Arthritis.
Drug effects. Although Arthritis doesn’t directly harm the liver, some medications taken for Arthritis can: For example, long-term use of the pain reliever is considered a leading cause of liver failure.
Drug effects. As with the liver, drugs taken for arthritis can lead to kidney problems.
Anemia. Unchecked inflammation can lead to a reduction in RBC ( red blood corpuscles) characterized by headache and fatigue.
Blood clots. Inflammation might lead to elevated blood platelet levels, and blood clots.
Felty syndrome. Though rare, people with longstanding Arthritis can develop felty syndrome, characterized by an enlarged spleen and low white blood cell count. This condition may lead to increased risk of infection and lymphoma (cancer of the lymph glands).
Pinched or compressed nerves – Although Arthritis does not directly affect the nerves, inflammation of tissues may cause compression of the nerves resulting in numbness or tingling. One relatively common problem is carpal tunnel syndrome, a condition in which the nerve that runs from the forearm to the hand is compressed by inflamed tissue in the wrist area, resulting in tingling, numbness and decreased grip strength.
Various Arthritis Symptoms
Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis:
• The hallmark of any arthritis or Arthritis Symptoms are inflammation, pain and swelling. But when it comes to Rheumatoid arthritis morning stiffness and extreme pain is what brings tears in their eyes. The various other symptoms are
• Inflamed joints and pain: Usually the joints are swollen, painful and you often feel warm and spongy.
• In the particular type of arthritis the specific joints attacked are wrist joints, knuckles, the knees and joints of the ball of the foot. Nodules or pea size lumps may occure around the joint areas which are usually the swollen blood cells.
• There is also a chance of fluid buildup particularly in the ankle region which later causes pain.
• Specific symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, and low-grade fever may also prevail.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
• Inflammation and pain around the joint areas.
• With pain emerges the stiffness of joints.
• Bone spurs are actually the hard little lumps around the joint area.
• In osteoarthritis swelling of joints is caused by chemical mediators called cytokines that can cause fatigue.
• Due to the chronic pain and stiffness the patients who suffer from osteoarthritis are at an increased risk of stress and depression.
Symptoms of Gout:
• Sudden onset of pain, inflammation, tenderness and redness of any single joint and it usually affects the lower extremities.
• Typhus is a hard nodule that often forms under the skin in various locations of the body; specifically in and around the joint or cartilage area.
• Kidney stones or damaged kidneys may also cause due to Gout.
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